Mentors will be assigned to each recipient of a pilot project grant. Each mentor will meet individually with the investigator, the frequency depending on the specific issues be addressed. These informal sessions may be face to face, by phone, or by email. For more formal assessment, six months after pilot funding begins, each investigator will provide a two-page NIH-style progress report to his/her three mentors and to the Steering Committee. The three mentors, as a group, will meet with the investigator to review progress, provide scientific perspective, and identify further funding mechanisms. A summary of the mentoring committee’s discussion will be forwarded to the Steering Committee, which may request additional information or action. At the end of the project, each investigator will submit a final report. The report will include scientific data, proposals submitted to other funding agencies, published papers, manuscripts submitted to journals, manuscripts in preparation, and abstracts submitted to meetings. Annually the investigator will provide information required in the current COBRE reporting system, including impact information on publications, how scientific progress has resulted in extramural grants, and new jobs created.